Saturday, August 26, 2017

What is Qurbani? Qurbani FAQs and Information

Qurbani and Eid Ul Adha Information and Frequently Asked Questions

What is the meaning of Qurbani?

What is Qurbani? Qurbani FAQs and Information
"Qurbani" Ye Lafz Qurb(قرب) Se Bana Hai Aur Arabic Me Qurb Ka Maana Hai Qareeb Hona, Nazdeek Hona" Aur Qurbani Ke Zarya Chu'nke ALLAHﷻ Ka Qurb Aur Oski Nazdiki Talab Ki Jati Hai- Is Liye Ise "Qurbani" Kahte Hain-

Urdu Zuban Me "Qurbani" Ka Maana Hai Halal Zabiha Jisko Khas Eid-Ul-Adha Ke Mouqa Par ALLAHﷻ Ka Naam Lekar Zibah Kiya Gaya Ho-

Jabke Arabic Zuban Me Isi Mafhoom Ki Adayegi Ya Kisi Dusri Shakal Me Nazr-E-Khuda Wandi Ke Liye "Qurban" Begair Ya(يا) Ke Mustamil Hai-

Quran Shareef Me Hazrat Aadam عليه السلام Ke Dono Farjand Haabil Aur Qaabil Ke Qisse Me "Qurban" Ka Lafz Aya hai-

Ayat-E-Kareema:-
وَ اتۡلُ عَلَیۡہِمۡ  نَبَاَ ابۡنَیۡ اٰدَمَ  بِالۡحَقِّ ۘ اِذۡ قَرَّبَا قُرۡبَانًا فَتُقُبِّلَ مِنۡ اَحَدِہِمَا وَ لَمۡ یُتَقَبَّلۡ مِنَ الۡاٰخَرِ

Tarjuma:-
Aur Aap Padh Kar Sunaye Unhe Adam Ke 2 Beto Ki Khabar Theek Theek, Jab Dono Ne Qurbani Di To Ek Se Qurabani Qabool Ki Gai Or Dusre Se Nahi-
(5 : سورة المائدة 27)

"Qurbani Se Murad Koi Janwar Nahi Jo Zibah Kiya Gaya Ho Balke Mahaz Nazr-E-Khuda Wandi- Khawah Jins Ki Shakal Me Ho Ya Kisi Janwar Ki Surat Me- (تفسير ضياءالقران، جلد:-١، ص:-٤٦٠)

Qurbani Har Is Kaam Ko Kahte Hain Jisse ALLAHﷻ Ka Taqarrub Hasil Kiya Ja Sake Khawah Wo Zabiha Ki Shakal Me Ho Ya Iske Alawa Koi Aur Shakal Me- {المعجم الوسيط ص:-٧٢٣}

Isse Malum Huwa Ke Qurbani Sirf Janwar Zibah Karne Ka Naam Hi Nahi Balke Taqarrub Ilahi Ke Pesh Nazar Jo Bhi Nek Naam Kiya Jaye Wo Qurbabi Me Shumar Hoga Aur Istalahi Shariat Me Qurbani Ek Maali Ibadat Ko Kahte Hain-

Khas Janwar Ko Khas Dino Me ALLAHﷻ Ke Liye Sawab Aur Taqarrub Ki Niyat Se Zibah Karna Ye Qurbani Ka Istalahi Maana Hai


What is the Niyat or Dua for Qurbani?

Recite this Dua and slaughter the animal with the words: “Bismillahi Wallahu Akbar.”

Inni waz jahtu wajahi ya lillazi fa ta rassamawati wal arz hanifauv wa ma ana minal mushriqi na in na salaati wa nusuki wa mahya ya wa mamaati lillahi rabbil aalmin. La shariq lahu wa bizali ka uriratu wa ana minal muslimin. Allahumma ma la  ka wa min ka bismillahi Allahu Akbar.

If Qurbani is on your behalf, then After Qurbani Read the below Dua: 

Allahumma ta Kabbal minni kama ta kabbal ta min khalili ka Ibrahim Alayhissalamu wa Habeebi ka Muhammadin Swallalahu Alayhi Wasallam


 If slaughtering on the behalf of somebody else, instead of the words: “Minni” one should say : “Min” and take the name of the person and his father on whose behalf the Qurbani is being offered (Taqabbal Min ______ bin _________)


Who should perform Qurbani? What are the conditions for Qurbani?
For the condition of sacrificing, the Malik-e-Nisab is the person who possesses 52 ½ tolas (620 grammes) of silver or 7 ½ tolas (88 grammes) of gold; or they have the same amount equivalent to either of the above item in value in business goods or non-business goods, which are not goods that are the basic necessities of life. The wealth and/or property should be ‘extra’/above one’s basic necessities (hajat-e-asliyyah).

Which animals can be sacrificed for Qurbani? Conditions for Qurbani Animals
 Animals such as goats, sheep, cattle (cows or bulls), buffalo or camels are sacrificed in Qurbani. A camel must be at least five years old; a buffalo should be at least two years old; and a sheep, lamb or a goat should be at least one year old. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

The animal intended to be slaughtered should be big and health, and should be free from any faults or defects. If there is a minor defect in the animal, then the Qurbani will count, but it is Makruh. If there is a major defect, then the Qurbani will not count. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Radd al-Muhtar, Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri]

How many animals must be sacrificed in Qurbani?
There are 7 parts of share in large  animal such as a camel, cow, buffalo etc.  So 7 persons from a house or any other can take part in a qurbani of the large animals.

In Small animals such as goat or a sheep, there is one share. So each single person, One goat or sheep must be sacrificed.

What is the correct method of slaughtering an animal? How to slaughter an animal?
What is the correct method of slaughtering an animal? How to slaughter an animal?
The method of sacrificing an animal is to lay it on its left, such that its face is towards the Qiblah and then place the right foot on its side and holding a sharp knife (concealed obviously from the animal or if it is blind-folded then there is no harm).
  • There are 4 veins cut when slaughtering an animal; the windpipe (channel of breath), the gullet (channel of food and drink which lies beneath the windpipe), and the 2 carotid arteries which are two blood vessels on the sides of the neck encompassing the windpipe, they are called wadajain. [Bahar-e-Shari’at and al-Durr al-Mukhtar – Page 640]
  • If 3 from the 4 veins were cut or most part of each vein was cut, then the slaughtered animal is Halal.
  • It is Haram to eat an animal slaughtered by an infidel, an apostate, Dehriyah or a neichri, and every other heretic.
  • If one did not mention the Name of Allah purposely, when slaughtering the animal, then the slaughtered animal has become Haram to eat. If one unintentionally forgot to pray it then it is Halal. [al-Hidayah Vol. 4 Page 419, Bahar-e-Shari’at]
  • Likewise, to slaughter in such a manner that the knife stroke reaches the cerebellum (the brain) or the head is chopped off then it is makruh (offensive) to eat the meat, though the meat is lawful (the offensiveness is in the method of slaughtering not the meat). [al-Hidayah, Bahar-e-Shari’at]

Whom should be the Qurbani Meat be given? How should the meat be distributed?
The meat from Qurbani must be equally divided in three equal parts: One for the home, One for relatives and friends, and One for the poor and needy. 



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