Showing posts with label zakah. Show all posts
Showing posts with label zakah. Show all posts

Tuesday, June 2, 2015

Fast Breaking Alms ( Zakaatul Fitr Part 2)

Fast Breaking Alms ( Zakaatul Fitr Part 2)

 Allah has mandated the observation of fast breaking alms (Zakaatul fitr) at the end of Ramadan before Eid Prayer. Although this obligation was established by the Messenger (saas), it has the power of all the established commands of Al­lah, for the power to legislate and prescribe a rule has been granted to the Messenger of Allah, by Allah (SWT), Who states:

“He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah; but if any turn away, We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil) deeds.” (Al-Qur`an, 4:80)

Also, “If anyone contends with the Messenger, even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men of faith...” (Al-Qur`an 4:115)

Also, “...So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you...” (Al-Qur`an, 59:7)

Eligibility

The giving of the fast breaking alms is mandatory on every Muslim, old, young, man and woman, etc. In a hadith related by Abdullah bin 'Umar (raa) he said: “The Messenger of Allah, has commanded the faster to observe Ramadan fast breaking alms, one Sa'a, (a beaker, a unit of measurement about two kilos and forty grams) of dates, on a bondsman, a freeman, on every
man and woman, young and old...”

This citation indicates that the eligible people who should give these alms, are virtually every living Muslim, provided he or she possesses more than the prescribed amount of provisions, in such a way that, after giving alms, there will remain enough food for him and his family for at least 24 hours.

However, there is no obligation of these alms on the unborn fetus, unless the parents or the guardian wants to give on its behalf voluntary alms. The Leader of the Faithful, `Umar (raa), gave for the unborn.

Thus, it is incumbent on every able believer to give for himself, and for those that he is responsible for; wife and children, and next of kin if they cannot give for themselves. If they can give, it is better that they do so, because every believer is com­manded to do so.
In the event that the person does not possess the amount, alms­giving is not mandatory. But, if he possesses half of the amount, it should be given.

Allah states: “So fear Allah as much as you can...” (Al-Qur`an 64:16)

And the Messenger of Allah said: “If I command you with something, do it as much as you
can.” (Agreed upon)

Also Read

Information on Zakat-al-Fitra
Zakat-al-Fitra in Ramadan

Zakat-al-Fitra in Ramadan




Zakat-al-Fitra

Q: What is Zakat al-Fitrah?
A: It is religious tax/alms (zakat) paid on the day when Muslims break the fasting period at the end of the month of Ramadan. This tax/alms is known as Zakat al-Fitrah.

Q: What do the Qur’an and Hadith say about Fitrah?
A: Imams (pbut) say that the verses: Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success, and glorifies the Name of his Lord and prays (87:14-15) refer to giving of Fitrah and saying prayers on Eid al-Fitr. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (pbuh) said: For your fast to be accepted, give zakat.

Q: When does Fitrah become wajib (obligatory)?
A: Payment of Fitrah becomes obligatory after sunset on the eve of Eid al-Fitr. The Fitrah should be kept aside and paid on Eid al-Fitr before Eid prayers or before midday for those who cannot say their Eid prayers. It is necessary to have obligatory intention (Niyyat) of giving Fitrah for God’s pleasure only.

Q: What happens if someone forgets or does not give Fitrah on time?
A: If one does not give out or set aside the Fitrah within the due time, he should give the Fitrah later, on the basis of precaution, without making the Niyyat of Adaa or Qaza but only ‘Qurbatan ila Allah.’

Q: Can we give Fitrah in advance?
A: Giving Fitrah before the eve of Eid al-Fitr is not permissible. However, if you wish to send Fitrah earlier so that it reaches the needy on time, then you can send it as a temporary loan to the needy and then change your intention from loan to Fitrah on the eve of Eid al-Fitr.

Q: To whom is Fitrah obligatory?
A: Paying Fitrah is obligatory on every Muslim who is mature (Baligh), sane, financially able, &conscious on the eve of Eid al-Fitr. Fitrah should also be paid on behalf of all dependents (e.g. wife, children) whom one supports financially.

Q: When is a host required to pay Fitrah for his guest?
A: If a person invites another person to his house on the eve of Eid al-Fitr and if the guest is present at the host’s place at the time of the sunset then it is obligatory for the host to pay Fitrah for his guest.

Q: What happens if the guest arrives after the sunset on Eid night?
A: In this case the guest will pay his/her own Fitrah and it is not obligatory on the host to pay Fitrah for the guest.

Q: What happens if a guest comes uninvited and is present at the time of the sunset on the eve of Eid al-Fitr?
A: Ayatullah Sayyid As-Sistani says that the host should still pay the Fitrah as an obligatory precaution. However, Marhum Ayatullah Sayyid al-Khui was of the opinion that is recommended for the host to pay Fitrah of an uninvited guest.

Q: How much should we pay for Fitrah?
A: Fitrah for a person is given on a weight of 5.5 pounds , which is 2.49 kg(2.5kg) on any food commodity like wheat, barley, rice, millet, raisins or dates.

Q: Can we give cash value of any commodity mentioned above?
A: Yes, cash value in lieu of any foodstuff mentioned can be given as Fitrah. Thus, if a Kilogram of rice costs Rs.18.00, the cash value of Fitrah on rice per person would be 45.00. (Please check prices for other items in your areas.)

Q: Whom should we give the Fitrah to?
A: It is given to the needy who are unable to meet their own or their dependants annual living expenses, nor do they have the means to do so through earning.

Q: Who should not be given the Fitrah?
A: A needy who: consumes alcohol, does not say his daily prayers (Salat), commits sins openly, or he who is known to use the Fitrah in sinful way.

Q: Are there any additional rules that we need to be aware of?
A: Following are some important rules:
(i) Fitrah should not be sent outside the town one resides in, if there are deserving Mumineen in that town.
(ii) Fitrah from a non-Sayyid cannot be given to a needy Sayyid; the reverse is permissible.
(iii) A needy should be given at least one Fitrah
(iv) Amongst the needy, relatives should be preferred over others when giving Fitrah, next in line are neighbors and then the learned.

Also Read:
21 Common Misconceptions about Zakaah
What is zakat? Information on zakat al fitr

What is zakat? Information on zakat al fitr



F.A.Q on Zakat al - Fitra

Q: What is Zakat al-Fitrah?
A: It is religious tax/alms (zakat) paid on the day when Muslims break the fasting period at the end of the month of Ramadan. This tax/alms is known as Zakat al-Fitrah.

Q: What do the Qur’an and Hadith say about Fitrah?
A: Imams (pbut) say that the verses: Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success, and glorifies the Name of his Lord and prays (87:14-15) refer to giving of Fitrah and saying prayers on Eid al-Fitr. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (pbuh) said: For your fast to be accepted, give zakat.

Q: When does Fitrah become wajib (obligatory)?
A: Payment of Fitrah becomes obligatory after sunset on the eve of Eid al-Fitr. The Fitrah should be kept aside and paid on Eid al-Fitr before Eid prayers or before midday for those who cannot say their Eid prayers. It is necessary to have obligatory intention (Niyyat) of giving Fitrah for God’s pleasure only.

Q: What happens if someone forgets or does not give Fitrah on time?
A: If one does not give out or set aside the Fitrah within the due time, he should give the Fitrah later, on the basis of precaution, without making the Niyyat of Adaa or Qaza but only ‘Qurbatan ila Allah.’

Q: Can we give Fitrah in advance?
A: Giving Fitrah before the eve of Eid al-Fitr is not permissible. However, if you wish to send Fitrah earlier so that it reaches the needy on time, then you can send it as a temporary loan to the needy and then change your intention from loan to Fitrah on the eve of Eid al-Fitr.

Q: To whom is Fitrah obligatory?
A: Paying Fitrah is obligatory on every Muslim who is mature (Baligh), sane, financially able, and conscious on the eve of Eid al-Fitr. Fitrah should also be paid on behalf of all dependents (e.g. wife, children) whom one supports financially.

Q: When is a host required to pay Fitrah for his guest?
A: If a person invites another person to his house on the eve of Eid al-Fitr and if the guest is present at the host’s place at the time of the sunset then it is obligatory for the host to pay Fitrah for his guest.

Q: What happens if the guest arrives after the sunset on Eid night?
A: In this case the guest will pay his/her own Fitrah and it is not obligatory on the host to pay Fitrah for the guest.

Q: What happens if a guest comes uninvited and is present at the time of the sunset on the eve of
Eid al-Fitr?
A: Ayatullah Sayyid As-Sistani says that the host should still pay the Fitrah as an obligatory precaution. However, Marhum Ayatullah Sayyid al-Khui was of the opinion that is recommended for the host to pay Fitrah of an uninvited guest.

Q: How much should we pay for Fitrah?
A: Fitrah for a person is given on a weight of three kilograms (one sa’a) on any food commodity like wheat, barley, rice, millet, raisins or dates. Ayatullah Sayyid As-Sistani is of the opinion that the item that is not a staple food in your town should not be given in Fitrah. Say, for example, if millet is not a staple in Windsor then Windsor Mumineen should not pay Fitrah on millet.

Q: Can we give cash value of any commodity mentioned above?
A: Yes, cash value in lieu of any foodstuff mentioned can be given as Fitrah. Thus, if a Kilogram of rice costs $2.00, the cash value of Fitrah on rice per person would be $6.00. We recommend, Fitrah on Basmati rice to be Canadian Dollars 7.00 for residents of Canada and US Dollars 6.00 for US residents. (Please check prices for other items in your areas.)

Q: Whom should we give the Fitrah to?
A: It is given to the needy who are unable to meet their own or their dependants annual living expenses, nor do they have the means to do so through earning. Ayatullah Sayyid As-Sistani says that the needy who are given the fitrah must be a Shiah Ithna Ashari.

Q: Who should not be given the Fitrah?
A: A needy who: consumes alcohol, does not say his daily prayers (Salat), commits sins openly, or he who is known to use the Fitrah in sinful way.

Q: Are there any additional rules that we need to be aware of?
A: Following are some important rules:
(i) Fitrah should not be sent outside the town one resides in, if there are deserving Mumineen in that town.
(ii) Fitrah from a non-Sayyid cannot be given to a needy Sayyid; the reverse is permissible.
(iii) A needy should be given at least one Fitrah
(iv) Amongst the needy, relatives should be preferred over others when giving Fitrah, next in
line are neighbors and then the learned.

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

What is Zakat (Charity) and What are its conditions?

What is Zakat (Charity) and What are its conditions?

Q1) What are the conditions of Zakaat's being compulsory?

A. There are some conditions of Zakaat's being compulsory i.e.
(1). To be Muslim. Zakaat is not compulsory on unbelievers.
(2). Mature. Zakaat is not compulsory on immature.
(3). Sane. Zakaat is not compulsory on a mad,insane if he remains in this condition for whole year. However, in case of occasional recovery, Zakaat is obligatory.
4). Free. Zakaat is not compulsory on a slave even though his master has permitted him to do business.
(5). One-must be owner of "Nisaab"
  •     He must possess 7.5 tolas of gold [one tola is equal to 11.664 grams] or more
  •     He must own 52.5 tolas of silver or more
(6). One must be full owner i.e. in possession of Zakatable income,commodities.
(7). Nisaab must be free from "Dain" (debt,liability).
(8). Nisaab must be free from "Haajat-e-Asleeyah" (necessary expenses).
(9). Goods, commodities must be "Naamee" i.e. which increases practically or otherwise and
(10). Completion of full one year on Nisaab.

Q 2: What is meant by Nisaab's being free of "Daien"?
A. It means that one is the owner of Nisaab but is in debt and if he pays off the debt he is no more solvent or he is guardian of any debtor and if clears the debt he is no more solvent (as the creditor can demand of him to defray). In such situations, there is no Zakaat due on him.

Q 3: What does "Haajat-e-Asleeyah" mean?
A. "Haajat-e-Asleeyah" means those things which are essential for life. For example, a house for one's or family use, cloths for summer and winter seasons, other family necessaries, domestic animals or animals for riding, implements of skilled workers, necessary books of students or of the learned, eatable items stored for one's or family use and money for necessary expenses. There is no Zakaat due on all such things,items.

Q 4: What is meant by "Naamee" assets?
A. There are two kinds of assets i.e. gold,silver which have intrinsic power to purchase things and those assets which are shorn of such potentials but are used to buy things. All assets other than gold and silver are "Naamee" as they will increase by business i.e. productive assets. Zakaat is quite compulsory on gold and silver if equal to Nisaab irrespective of personal use or business and even on buried gold and silver. And on other assets Zakaat will be due only when dealt in. So is the case with the animals - camels, cows, buffaloes, oxen, goats, sheeps, rams etc. which are left to graze in the grazing fields. The injunction of gold and silver is also applicable to the currency to this effect.

Q 5: Which year is meant by completion of full one year on Nisaab?
A. Completion of full one year on Nisaab means the lunar year i.e. on whichever date and time of Arabic (lunar) month one becomes solvent the very date and time of the Arabic month (next year) is Zakaat year for him regardless of the beginning of financial or income year. Zakaat will be due on the Nisaab one is in possession of at the outset and end of the Zakaat year. Any decrease in Nisaab during the year will not relieve him of the obligation i.e. Zakaat will remain due.

Q 6: Will Zakaat be due on merchandise which is exchanged for other thing during the year?
A. Exchange of merchandise or gold or silver for the same kind like jewellery or for the other kind during the Zakaat year will not remit Zakaat but it will remain due.

Q 7: How should a solvent person calculate Zakaat if his goods,commodities increase during the year?
A. If a solvent person gets some more goods, commodities of the same kind during the Zakaat year of his Nisaab even a minute before the end of the year he will have to pay Zakaat on the whole. There will be no separate year for the new goods,commodities.

Q 8: Is intention must for Zakaat like that of prayer?
A. Yes, it is must for one to form "Niyat" (intention) at the time of paying Zakaat or reserving cash, commodities for Zakaat. Forming Niyat means one could tell pat, if asked, that this cash or these commodities are of Zakaat. If one gave cash or commodities in charity off and on round the year and now he intends that whatever charity he has given during the year is Zakaat, his such Niyat will not be credible and Zakaat will not be deemed to have been paid. It must be kept in mind that "Ikhlaas" (sincerity of intention) is as much conditional as is the intention for paying Zakaat. Without "Ikhlaas", payment of Zakaat will be meaningless. "Ikhlaas" means what one pays as Zakaat must be with the sole and pure intention of Zakaat, fulfillment of obligatory act and carrying out the command of Allah Almighty sans any other intention which is repugnant to the payment of Zakaat.

Q 9: Will Zakaat be deemed to have been paid or not if cash,commodities set aside for Zakaat are lost?
A. One is not relieved of the obligation by setting aside cash,commodities for Zakaat unless he gives it to the beggar,indigent. Loss of such cash,commodities will not withhold the obligation. But in case of death the heirs of the deceased will inherit these things.

Q10. Should Zakaat be given openly or secretly?
A. It is commendable to give Zakaat openly but doling out "Nafil Sadaqah" (charity) secretly is commendable act. Distribution of Zakaat openly is preferred because the secret distribution may cause misgiving(s) against the recipient and people might slander him. A Hadees stresses the believers to shun the places where people are slandered. Besides, open doling out of Zakaat may also motivate others to fulfill the obligation. But the payer of Zakaat must guard against show which will eliminate the reward. Pomp and show is sinful act that may render him culpable for chastisement.

Q11. Is it must to inform the indigent,poor that the cash, commodities being given to him are Zakaat?
A. It is not must that the indigent,poor is told that the cash,commodities being given to him are Zakaat. Mere intention is sufficient. Even if one gives cash, commodities to the poor as gift or loan and his real intention is to pay Zakaat, Zakaat will be deemed to have been paid. Likewise, giving ash as "Nazar", "Hadyah" (present) or for chewing "Paan" (betel leaf) or for sweets of children or as "Eidee" (Eid gift) to the poor will relieve one of the obligation of Zakaat. Some indigent, poor people who really deserve Zakaat do not want to get Zakaat money,commodities. If they are given anything mentioning the name of Zakaat they will not receive it. Therefore, their self-respect should not be hurt by disclosing the name of Zakaat.

Q12. Is it lawful or not to pay Zakaat in advance?
A. A solvent person can pay Zakaat in advance even of some years. It is better for one to keep paying Zakaat in parts (instalments) throughout the year and on the close of the Zakaat year calculate it to know as to how much payment has been paid. If over-paid, deduct from the payment of next year and in case of underpayment, pay the residual amount of money, commodities immediately in whole not in parts as delay in paying Zakaat is not fair, permissible.


Q13: What is wrong with paying Zakaat in parts after the end of the year?

A. It is unfair,impermissible to pay Zakaat in parts after the close of Zakaat year. It must be paid immediately in whole, for, procrastination is sinful and the one who procrastinates is "Mardoodush Shahaadah" (the one whose evidence is not acceptable). Delay in payment of Zakaat involves many misfortunes and mishaps. For instance, if one dies before paying the due Zakaat he will be sinner and will have to face chastisement in the hereafter. Likewise, one may fall victim to any financial or physical accident. Besides, "Nafs" (self) can not be relied upon! One is intent to pay Zakaat today but may go back on it tomorrow under the deception of Satan. Those who keep the Zakaat money,commodities with themselves (after the close of Zakaat year) with the intention of giving it to the poor,beggar who come begging off and on or want to pay bit by bit finding it difficult to pay in whole at a time, should pay Zakaat in advance. By this they will not only achieve their objective but will also save themselves from the clutches of Shari'ah. If they want more reward of Zakaat then they should pay it in the holy month of Ramadaan in which the reward of "Nafil" (supererogatory, optional act) is raised to the level of "Fard"(obligatory act) and Fard's reward is increased seventy-fold.

Islamic / Muslim Festivals and Holiday 2019

Islamic Events and Holiday 2019

English Date Islamic Date
We have listed the important Islamic Festivals, Holidays and Events for the year 2019 as per the calender year 2019. These muslim religious holiday can vary as per the sighting of moon and the lunar calendar.
#Urs Khawjah Gharib Nawaz, Ajmer Sharif 14 March, 2019 - Thursday 6th Rajab 1440
#Lailat-ul-Meraj #Shab-e-meraj Night of Apr 3, 2019 - Wednesday 26-Rajab-1440
#Shabe-e-Barat April 20, 2019 - Saturday 14th Sha'baan 1440
#Start of Fasting Month (#Ramadan) May 7, 2019 - Tuesday 1st Ramadan 1440
#Jummat-ul-Wida 31 May 2019 - Friday Last Friday of Ramadan 1440
#Lailat-ul-Qadr (#Shab-E-Qadr) June 1, 2019 - Saturday 27 Ramadan 1440
#Eid-ul-Fitr June 5, 2019 - Saturday 1st Shawwal 1440
#Hajj August 11, 2019 - Sunday 9th Dhul-Hijjah 1440
#Eid-ul-Adaha #Bakrid August 12, 2019 - Wednesday 10th Dhul-Hijjah 1440
#Islamic New Year September 1, 2019 - Sunday 1st Muharram 1441
#Yaum al-Ashura September 10, 2019 - Tuesday 10th Muharram 1441
#Eid Milad-un-Nabi Nov 10, 2019 - Sunday 12th Rabi-al-Awwal 1441
#Urs Haji Ali Baba Mumbai 13 December, 2019 - Friday 16 Rabi Ul Akhir 1441
714th Urs Sharif Of Hazrat Khwaaja Syed Nizamuddin Aulia Mehboob-e-elahi Rahmatullah Alayh 16 December, 2019 - Monday 19 Rabi Ul Akhir 1441