Showing posts with label Zakat. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Zakat. Show all posts

Sunday, May 6, 2018

Question Answers on Zakat-ul-Fitr | FAQs of Zakat

Question Answers on Zakat-ul-Fitr | FAQs of Zakat

Question Answers on Zakat-ul-Fitr | FAQs of Zakat

Who must pay zakat ul Fitr? What is #Zakat-ul-Fitr and Whom to Pay Zakat? How much Zakat to pay? What is Zakat? When to pay Zakat?


Question Answers on Zakat-ul-Fitr | FAQs of Zakat


#Zakat-al-Fitra FAQs

Q: What is Zakat al-Fitrah?
A: It is religious tax/alms (zakat) paid on the day when Muslims break the fasting period at the end of the month of Ramadan. This tax/alms is known as Zakat al-Fitrah.

Q: What do the Qur’an and Hadith say about Fitrah?
A: Imams (pbut) say that the verses: Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success, and glorifies the Name of his Lord and prays (87:14-15) refer to giving of Fitrah and saying prayers on Eid al-Fitr. Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (pbuh) said: For your fast to be accepted, give zakat.

Q: When does Fitrah become wajib (obligatory)?
A: Payment of Fitrah becomes obligatory after sunset on the eve of Eid al-Fitr. The Fitrah should be kept aside and paid on Eid al-Fitr before Eid prayers or before midday for those who cannot say their Eid prayers. It is necessary to have obligatory intention (Niyyat) of giving Fitrah for God’s pleasure only.

Q: What happens if someone forgets or does not give Fitrah on time?
A: If one does not give out or set aside the Fitrah within the due time, he should give the Fitrah later, on the basis of precaution, without making the Niyyat of Adaa or Qaza but only ‘Qurbatan ila Allah.’

Q: Can we give Fitrah in advance?
A: Giving Fitrah before the eve of Eid al-Fitr is not permissible. However, if you wish to send Fitrah earlier so that it reaches the needy on time, then you can send it as a temporary loan to the needy and then change your intention from loan to Fitrah on the eve of Eid al-Fitr.

Q: To whom is Fitrah obligatory?
A: Paying Fitrah is obligatory on every Muslim who is mature (Baligh), sane, financially able, &conscious on the eve of Eid al-Fitr. Fitrah should also be paid on behalf of all dependents (e.g. wife, children) whom one supports financially.

Q: When is a host required to pay Fitrah for his guest?
A: If a person invites another person to his house on the eve of Eid al-Fitr and if the guest is present at the host’s place at the time of the sunset then it is obligatory for the host to pay Fitrah for his guest.


Q: What happens if the guest arrives after the sunset on Eid night?
A: In this case the guest will pay his/her own Fitrah and it is not obligatory on the host to pay Fitrah for the guest.

Q: What happens if a guest comes uninvited and is present at the time of the sunset on the eve of Eid al-Fitr?
A: Ayatullah Sayyid As-Sistani says that the host should still pay the Fitrah as an obligatory precaution. However, Marhum Ayatullah Sayyid al-Khui was of the opinion that is recommended for the host to pay Fitrah of an uninvited guest.

Q: How much should we pay for Fitrah?
A: Fitrah for a person is given on a weight of 5.5 pounds , which is 2.49 kg(2.5kg) on any food commodity like wheat, barley, rice, millet, raisins or dates.

Q: Can we give cash value of any commodity mentioned above?
A: Yes, cash value in lieu of any foodstuff mentioned can be given as Fitrah. Thus, if a Kilogram of rice costs Rs.18.00, the cash value of Fitrah on rice per person would be 45.00. (Please check prices for other items in your areas.)

Q: Whom should we give the Fitrah to?
A: It is given to the needy who are unable to meet their own or their dependants annual living expenses, nor do they have the means to do so through earning.

Q: Who should not be given the Fitrah?
A: A needy who: consumes alcohol, does not say his daily prayers (Salat), commits sins openly, or he who is known to use the Fitrah in sinful way.

Q: Are there any additional rules that we need to be aware of?
A: Following are some important rules:

(i) Fitrah should not be sent outside the town one resides in, if there are deserving Mumineen in that town.

(ii) Fitrah from a non-Sayyid cannot be given to a needy Sayyid; the reverse is permissible.

(iii) A needy should be given at least one Fitrah

(iv) Amongst the needy, relatives should be preferred over others when giving Fitrah, next in line are neighbors and then the learned.

Also Read





  • What is Zakat, Sadaqa and Fitra?
  • Comparison of Zakat and Income tax
  • Question Answers on #Zakat-ul-Fitr. FAQs of Zakat
  • Information on Zakat - Punishments for not paying Zakat
  • Kaffara (Penalty) for not fasting Ramadan
  • Zakat-al-Fitra Question Answers





  • Common Misconceptions about Zakaah
  • Thursday, June 16, 2016

    Comparison of Zakat and Income tax

    Comparison of Zakat and Income tax

    WHAT DOES QURAN SAY ABOUT ZAKAT

    Give the news of bitter very torment to those who save their property and money, and do not give their Zakaat to the poor amongst Muslims (9:34)


    HADITH SHARIF: “Protect your property against harm by paying Zakaat.”

    ★ Zakaat is paid on total saving.
    IT is paid on annual income + total saving (except savings under section 80(c))

    ★ No Zakaat is paid on daily, monthly, yearly expenses.
    IT is paid on daily, monthly, yearly expenses as state tax, sales tax, central tax, VAT etc

    ★ Zakaat is paid on Rs 30,000 or more if saved from an year.
    IT is paid on total income should be paid even if there’s no savings or balance is zero or negative

    ★ Zakaat is one fortieth (1:40) of total savings.
    Whereas IT is 10% up to 5 lakhs & 20% up to 10 lakhs. (Leaving standard deduction 2, 00,000)

    For a savings of Rs 3 lakhs Zakaat is 7,500.
    But IT for 3 lakhs is 30,000

    ★ Zakaat is not applicable on a person whose debt is more than savings but ther’s no excuse for for IT

    ★ Zakaat is paid on Lands that are used for business purpose.
    Whereas no IT for real estate owners who own land valuing millions of rupees.

    Interesting Point to Note:

    > We pay tax in the name of VAT, Sales tax,  Commercial tax, central tax, Luxury tax, etc in our daily life expenditure .......

    > Later in the year end we pay income tax on all our expenditure for which we paid the VAT, Sales tax,  Commercial tax, central tax, Luxury tax....


    This means
    →income tax on VAT,
    →Income tax on sales tax,
    →Income tax on commercial tax..
    etc.,

    Zakat Infographic
    Zakat Infographic

    Read more Articles on Zakat





    Wednesday, June 15, 2016

    What is Zakat, Sadaka and Fitra

    What is Zakat, Sadaka and Fitra

    What is Zakat, Sadaka and Fitra
    What is Zakat, Sadaka and Fitra
    What is #Zakat, #Sadaka and #Fitra

    Zakat is Farz (Compulsory) on all muslims who is Maal e Nisaab and has Seven and a Half Tola (7 1/2) of  Gold or Fifty Two and a Half Tola (52.5) of Silver. The one who rejects it is a Infidel (Kaafir) those who do not give Zakat are wrongdoers and worthy of punishment. According to Shariat, Zakat is defined as from your goods to take one part for Allah which has been fixed by Shariat and to make a Muslim poor person the owner of it.

    Conditions when Zakat would become necessary

    1. To be a Muslim 

    2. To be an adult 

    3. To be sane 

    4. To be free (i.e. not a slave) 

    5. To be the owner of goods above Nisaab (threshold-where Zakat would become necessary)

    6. To be a complete owner of the goods 

    7. To be free from any sort of loan 

    8. To be free from any goods which are regarded as basic necessities of living 

    9. The good have a value which will increase 

    10. For a year to pass 

    How much Zakat should be given ?

    When you have enough gold or silver that goes above the Nisaab then one fortieth is given, i.e. 2.5%. Whether it be in it's original form or in the form of coins or something has been made out of it (such as jewellery, utensils, watch etc.) then Zakat is necessary on it. For example if you have 88 grammes of gold then 2.25 grammes of Zakat is necessary or if you have 620 grammes of silver then 15.75 grammes of silver is necessary for Zakat [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar e Shariat]

    Who can accept Zakat or Given Zakat: 

    1. Faqir - poor person 

    2. Misqueen - Beggar 3 Aamil (Designated Person) 

    3. Aamil (Designated Person) 

    4. Riqab - Slave 

    5. Gharim - Person in debt 

    6. Fee-Sabeelillah - Spent in the path of Allah 

    7. Abn-isabeel - Traveller 

    It is better when giving Zakat, Sadaqa etc. that it should be given to your own brothers and sisters, then to their children, then to your paternal uncles and aunts and then to their children, then to your maternal uncles and aunts and then to their children and then to people living in your home village or town [Johra, Alamgiri etc.]. It is quoted in the Hadith Sharif that Allah Ta'ala does not accept those people's Sadaqat whose relatives are in need of it and they give the money to others [Radd-ul-Mohtar].

    SADAQA AND FITRA 

    The Holy Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam has stated that ' a servant's fast remains stuck between the earth and sky until he gives Sadaqa-e-Fitra [Delami, Khateeb, Ibn-e-AsaakarJ.

    Sadqah is wajib on a person who is maal-E-Nisaab and must give Sadqa-e-Fitr for himself and for his children, as long as the children are not the owner of Nisaab themselves and if they are then the Sadqa for them will have to be given from their goods. It is Wajib to give Sadqa of a mental child even when they reach adulthood upon the father as long as the child is not the owner of Nisaab themselves, and if they are the owner of Nisaab then the Sadqa will be given from their goods [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].

    Quantity of Sadqa-e-Fitr 

    The quantity of Sadqa-e-Fitr is half a Sa'a of wheat or it's flour or instead of this half a Sa'a of it's mixture with barley, or one Sa'a of dates or raisins or barley or it's flour or instead of this one Sa'a of it's mixture [Hidaya, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Alamgiri etc.}. Rule: It is better to give the flour of wheat or barley rather than the grains and it is better than that to give the monetary value, whether you give the value of wheat, barley or dates. However, during a price war or famine it is better to give the goods than money. If money is given for bad wheat then subsidise the rest of the money with the money of good wheat [Radd-ul-Mohtar]. 

    What is weight of a Sa 'a 

    After great study and analysis it is suggested that the price at present (however, this can increase) two pounds and fifty pence (£2.50) The price of half a Sa'a is one pound and twenty five pence (£1.25). One Sa'a is four pounds and six and a half ounces (4lb, 6.5ozl and half a Sa'a is two pounds and three and a quarter ounces (2lb 3 25 ozi For the sake of ease it is better to give four and a half pounds of (4 5lb) barley or dates or two and a quarter pounds (2.25lb) of wheat for each person as Sadqa-e-Fitr. 

    Who should be given Sadqa-e-Fitr ? 

    The same people qualify for giving Sadqa-e-Fitr as those who qualify for giving Zakat to except for an Aamil An Aamil can be given Zakat but not Sadqa-e-Fitr [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar]. 

    Important Points on Sadaqa-e-Fitr:

    1. Sadaqa-e-Fitr is Wajib upon such a person who owns assets, which equal the value of the Nisab. Such individuals should give Sadaqa-e-Fitr on their behalf and on behalf of their children, if they do not own assets equal to the value of Nisab. Yes, however, if the children do own assets which are equal to or more than the Nisab limit, then the Sadaqa-e-Fitr shall be given from their own wealth. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Bahar-e-Shari’at] 

    2. The owner of Nisab in the ruling as regards Sadaqa-e-Fitr is such a person who has 7 ½ Tola gold (93 grammes 312 milligrammes,) or 52 ½ Tola silver (653 grammes 184 milligrammes), or their equivalent value in money or any other form of asset.  Or, one owns business or non-business stock equivalent to that value, and these goods are additional to the basic necessities of living (Hajat-e-Asliyyah).

    3. For the Sadaqa-e-Fitr to become Wajib it is not necessary that one has fasted. Therefore, if anyone did not fast due to any excuse valid in the eyes of the Islamic Law; such as one is a musafir (travelling to a destination which is at a distance of approximately 57 ½ miles or 92 kilometres), or is ill such that his illness shall become worse if he fasts, or because of weakness caused by old age, or – Allah forbid! – one did not keep the fasts due to any non-valid reason, then the Sadaqa-e-Fitr is still Wajib upon the person. [Radd al-Muhtar – Vol. 2 Page 76 and Bahar-e-Shari’at]

    4. If the father is so poor (that he cannot give his own Sadaqa-e-Fitr let alone on behalf of his children,) or has passed away, then it is Wajib on the grandfather to give Sadaqa-e-Fitr on behalf of his grandchildren. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

    5. If one wants to give anything besides wheat, barley, dates or raisins; for example, rice, millet or any other linseed, then the price of 1 sa’ of wheat or ½ sa’ of barley should be taken into consideration.

    6. In terms of weight, one Sa’ is four pounds, six and a half ounces (4lb 6.5 oz) and half a Sa’ is two pounds, three and a quarter ounces (2lb 3.25 oz).

    7. It is Mustahab (act of great reward) to give the Sadaqa-e-Fitr on the morning of Eid day (after the beginning time for Fajr), before going to the Eidgah to perform the Eid prayer. [Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri – Vol. 1, Page 180]

    8. It is permissible to give Sadaqa-e-Fitr prior to the month of Ramadan or in Ramadan before the day of Eid. [Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri – Vol. 1 Page 179 and al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

    Hadiths on Sadaqa-e-Fitr:

    I. Hadrat ibn 'Umar said, “The Prophet made incumbent on every male or female, free man or slave, young or old, the payment of one Sa' of dates or barley as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr. The Messenger of Allah commanded that this sadaqah be paid before one goes to perform the Eid prayer.” [Sahih Bukhari - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 204]

    II. Hadrat Hasan said: Hadrat Ibn Abbas preached the people towards the end of Ramadan, standing on the pulpit (in the masjid) of al-Basrah. He said: “Bring forth the sadaqah relating to your fast.” The people, as it were, could not understand. “Which of the people of Medina are present here? Stand for your brethren, and teach them, for they do not know” said Hadrat ibn ‘Abbas. He further added: “The Messenger of Allah prescribed this sadaqah as one sa' of dried dates or barley, or half a sa' of wheat payable by every freeman or slave, male or female, young or old.” When Hadrat Ali came (to Basrah), he found that the price had come down. He said: “Allah has given prosperity to you, so give one sa' of everything (as sadaqah).” [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, page 229]

    III. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn Tha’laba or Tha’laba ibn ‘Abdullah (narrator cannot recall exactly what the name was) ibn Abu Saghir, who narrates from his father that the Messenger of Allah said, “One sa' of wheat is enough from every two; young or old; freeman or slave; male or female. Those of you who are rich will be purified by Allah, and those of you who are poor will have more than they gave returned by Him to them.” [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 228]

    IV. Hadrat ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah prescribed Sadqatul Fitr, so that the fasts (kept throughout the month of Ramadan) may be purified from any falsehood, wrongdoing or evil talk, and (at the same time) it shall assist to feed the poor and the needy. [Sunan Abi Dawood - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 227]

    V. Hadrat ‘Amr ibn Shu’aib reports from his father, who reports from his grandfather that the Holy Prophet sent a person that he calls out loud in the streets of Makkah al-Mukarramah that Sadaqat ul Fitr is Wajib (necessary) upon every muslim male or female; freeman or a slave; young or old. [Sunan Tirmidhi - Book on Zakah, Volume 1, Page 146]

    Thursday, June 4, 2015

    Charity in Islam - Hadees on Islamic Charity

    Charity in Islam - Hadees on Islamic Charity

    Hadith 1: Tirmizi declared this Hadith correct. Ibn Hibban in ‘Sahiha’ reports from Anas bin Malik (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity puts out the fire of the Anger of Allah and takes away a bad death.”

    Hadith 2: Abu Yala and Bazzaz narrate from Siddique Akbar (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Save yourself from Hell if only by giving half of a date in charity because it helps to put mistakes right and takes away a bad death.”

    Hadith 3: Tabrani and Abu Bakar bin Muqeem report in ‘Jurze’ from Amro bin Auf (Radi Aliahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Undoubtedly the Charity of a Muslim causes him to live long and prevents a bad death.”

    Hadith 4, 5: Tabrani narrates in ‘Kabeer’ from Rafai bin Mukkessur Ridwani (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity wipes out sin and protects from a bad death.”Then another Hadith is as Ahmad narrates from Rafai bin Mukkessur Ridwani and Qazay from Abi Hurairah (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity prevents a bad death.”

    Hadith 6: Imam Abdullah bin Mubarak in ‘Kitabal Bir’ narrates from Anas bin Malik (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says:
    “Undoubtedly Allah locks up the seventy doors of a bad death.”

    Hadith 7: Tabrani narrates in ‘Kabeer’ from Rafai bin Khudaij (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity shuts seventy doors of evil.”

    Hadith 8: Khateeb narrates from Anas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity prevents seventy calamities amongst which leprosy and white spots are the least.”

    Hadith 9, 10: Tabrani narrates from Amirul Momineen Ali and Baihaqi from Anas (Radi Ailahu Ta’ala Anhuma) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Give Charity early in the morning because the calamity does not come together with Charity.”

    Read Other Post on Charity:

    Saturday, May 30, 2015

    Common Misconceptions about Zakaah

    Common Misconceptions about Zakaah

    Misconception # 1: I pray, dont I? Whats the big deal if I dont give Zakaah?


    Zakaah is one of the PILLARS of Islam and NOT an option. It is just as important to ones faith as Salaah.. In fact, anyone who denies it is a Kaafir and the Prophet (pbuh) and his Sahaba waged war against such persons even though they uttered the Shahadah and prayed Salaah.
    About such people Abu Bakr said: "By God! I shall certainly wage war against the people who discriminate between Salaah and Zakaah." (Bukhaari, Muslim)

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    Misconception # 2: But it will decrease my wealth!


    Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet (pbuh) said, "Whoever is given wealth by Allaah and does not pay the Zakaah due thereupon shall find that on the Day of Arising it is made to appear to him as a hairless snake with two black specks, which chains him, and then seizes him by his jaw and says, -I am your wealth! I am your treasure!'
    Then he recited the verse, 'Let not those who are miserly with what God has given them of His bounty think that this is good for them. Rather, it is bad for them. That which they withhold shall be hung around their necks on the Day of Arising. [3:180] (Bukhaari)

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    Misconception # 3: I dont have to pay Zakaah every year.

    Zakaah is an obligation that must be paid each year.
    The Prophet (pbuh) used to send the zakaah-collectors to the tribes and cities, and they did not differentiate between those who had paid their zakaah the previous year and those who had not, rather they used to take the zakaah that was due on all the â??zakaatableâ?? wealth that people possessed.

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    Misconception # 4: I never paid Zakaah before, I will just repent and that should be enough

    The one who never paid Zakaah before should repent to Allaah first. Then he should estimate the amount of Zakaah that was due on him over the years as best he can, and pay it as soon as possible

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    Misconception # 5: I dont have to pay Zakaah if I owe a debt

    The one who has any â??zakatableâ?? wealth must pay zakaah on it, when one year has passed since he acquired it, even if he has debts, according to the more correct of the two scholarly opinions. The Prophet (pbuh) used to command his agents to take zakaah from those who owed zakaah, and he did not tell them to ask them whether they had any debts or not. (Majmoo Fataawa -Abd al-Azeez ibn Baaz)

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    Misconception # 6: I will waive my debt and count that as Zakaah

    The Prophet (pbuh) said to Muaadh ibn Jabal, when he sent him to Yemen : â??Teach them that Allaah has enjoined upon them zakaah on their wealth, to be taken from their rich and given to their poor.â??
    He (pbuh) explained that zakaah is something which is to be taken and given, so on this basis it is not permissible to let off someone who owes you money and count that as zakaah, because letting someone off a debt does not involve taking and giving.
    (Fataawa Manaar al-Islam by Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen)

    Shaykh al-Islam said: â??letting someone off a debt does not relieve one of the obligation of zakaah, and there is no scholarly dispute on this matter. But you can give this needy person some of your zakaah and he can meet his needs using what you give him as zakaah; and Allaah will help him to pay off his debt in the future, inshaAllaah.â??

    **********************************************
    Misconception # 7: I have lent someone some money. I dont have to pay Zakaah on it.

    In this situation, there can be two scenarios;
    1. If the borrower is rich and is known to repay debts promptly: The lender has to pay Zakaah annually on the money lent, because it is possible to recover the money readily and it is like money that is in ones possession.

    2. If it is unlikely that the lender will get his money back or the borrower is known to delay repayment: Then the lender does not have to pay zakaah before he gets the money back, because it is not readily accessible and is not like money that is in ones possession.

    **********************************************
    Misconception # 8: I pay my taxes so I dont have to pay Zakaah!

    The taxes we pay are to govt , not to Allah to Whom the Zakaah is due. And this Zakaah money is to be only spent according to the rules of Shareeah in certain specific ways. Thus, it is not permissible for the taxes we pay on our wealth to be counted as part of Zakaah. The obligatory Zakaah must be paid separately.

    **********************************************
    Misconception # 9: I will use the money that I receive from my bank as interest to pay off Zakaah

    First of all, putting money in the bank in return for interest is a kind of riba which Allah and His Messenger have forbidden, and it is a major sin. T
    he Prophet(pbuh) cursed the one who consumes riba and the one who pays it. (Muslim)
    This money cannot be used to pay Zakaah or other kinds of charity since it is impure and a haraam form of wealth.

    **********************************************
    Misconception # 10:I will pay Zakaah on whatever is OVER the Nisaab

    If ones wealth surpasses the amount of nisaab, then Zakaah is due upon it ALL, and not upon the surplus only.

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    Misconception # 11: Zakaah is due on precious gems, stones and diamonds

    No zakaah is due on gems, precious stones, diamonds, etc. unless they are prepared for trade, in which case they come under the same ruling as all other trade goods

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    Misconception # 12: I will buy diamonds so that I dont have to pay Zakaah

    Some people try to get out of Zakaah by investing in diamonds, since no Zakaah is due on them, and think they can outsmart Allah. Doesnt Allaah know whats in our hearts and minds?
    They forget that Zakaah is due on them if they are prepared for trade. â??They seek to deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive none except themselves, though they do not sense it.â?? (Surah al-Baqarah: 9)

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    Misconception # 13: The husband HAS to pay Zakaah on the wifes jewelry and wealth!

    It is NOT the husbands duty to pay Zakaah on his wifes jewelry, wealth, etc. Rather, it is her responsibility, since she is the possessor of the wealth. If her husband or someone else pays zakaah on her behalf with her permission, that is o.k., and he will be rewarded for this voluntary action.

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    Misconception # 14: I only have gold, but I do not have any money. So, I dont have to pay Zakaahâ?¦.

    Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen said: â??Zakaah must be paid on jewelry if it reaches the nisaab (minimum threshold), which is 85 grams. If it reaches this amount, zakaah must be paid on it. If she has other wealth and pays from that, there is nothing wrong with it. If her husband or one of her relatives pays it on her behalf, there is nothing wrong with that. If neither of these options is available to her, then she should sell some of it and pay zakaah with that money.â??

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    Misconception # 15: I will use my Zakaah money on my immediate family

    Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: â??The Muslim cannot give his zakaah to his parents or to his wife and children; rather he is obliged to spend on them from his wealth if they need that and he is able to spend on them.â??
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    Misconception # 16: I cannot give Zakaah to my poor relatives

    It is actually preferable for a person to give their zakaah to a brother, sister, paternal uncle, paternal aunt or to any other relative, if they are poor. This is because, giving zakaah to them is both an act of charity and upholding family ties.

    The Prophet (pbuh) said: â??Charity given to the poor is charity and charity given to a relative is charity and upholding of family ties.â?? (Ahmad, al-Nasaaâ??i)

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    Misconception # 17: A woman cannot give Zakaah to her Husband

    It is okay for a woman to give zakaah to her husband, if he is qualified to receive zakaah, because she is not obliged to spend on him. Also, the Prophet (pbuh) gave permission to the wife of Abd-Allaah ibn Masood to give her zakaah to her husband. However a wife is not qualified to receive zakaah from her husband because he obliged to spend on her from his wealth.

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    Misconception # 18: Zakaah can be given to Non-Muslims if they are poor

    It is not permissible to give Zakaah to non-muslims except the one who is inclined towards Islam, in the hope that he will become Muslim if you give him zakaah (al-Tawbah:60). However paying sadaqaa and charity to them are permissible.

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    Misconception # 19:I will use Zakaah to build hospitals, masjid and orphanages

    That is not permissible, because this is not included in the eight categories on which zakaah may be spent.

    Allaah tells us that Zakaah may be spent on the following:
    â??As-Sadaqaat (Zakaah) are only
    for the Fuqaraa (poor),
    and Al-Masaakeen (the poor & needy, who prefer to hide their poverty from public)
    and those employed to collect (the funds);
    and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam);
    and to free the captives;
    and for those in debt;
    and for Allaahâ??s Cause (Mujaahidoon â?? those fighting in a holy battle),
    and for the wayfarer (a traveler who is cut off from everything)â?? [al-Tawbah:60]

    But if the intention in giving the money to an orphanage is so that this money will be spent on the poor orphans, then this is permissible, if the orphans are poor.
    Similarly, Zakaah cannot be used to print Quraans and other Dawah material.

    **********************************************
    Misconception # 20: Zakaah is the same as Zakaat ul-Fitr

    Zakaat al-Fitr is NOT the same as obligatory Zakaah. These are two separate entities and whoever paid Zakaah is NOT relieved of paying Zakaat al-Fitr and vice-versa.

    **********************************************
    Misconception # 21: I have to inform the one I am giving, that it is Zakaah

    You do not have to tell the recipient that it is zakaah.

    Friday, August 5, 2011

    What is Charity (Zakat) In Islam

    What is Charity (Zakat) In Islam

    Giving money to the poor is an emblem of Islam and a sunna of the Prophet Muhammad (Allah bless him and give him peace). He was never asked for anything, except that he gave it, and he would give without fearing poverty. People said that he was more generous than the “sent wind” that brings the rain clouds.

    Every wealthy adult Muslim must give 2.5% of his or her wealth in charity every year. Allah says: "O you who believe! Spend out of what We have given you" (2:254). This is the least charity a Muslim must give every year.

    To benefit from the charity you give it is important to keep certain things in mind that will lead to good in this world the next.
    Giving in secret

    Allah says, "If you give charity openly then what a good thing it is; and if you give to beggars hidingly it is better for you than every thing, and He will remove some of your sins. And Allah is Aware of what you do." (Qur'an 2:271).

    For a Muslim, charity is given to stave off miserliness and to draw nearer to Allah, if instead the donor seeks fame, then the act of charity becomes worthless.

    Giving in secret is often better for the donor since it protects against insincerity, and it is better for the recipient as it maintains his dignity.
    Giving openly

    Sometimes it is better to give charity publicly, so that others will also do the same. However, you must be on guard against any hypocritical notions.

    Another danger of this is offending the dignity of the poor person. It may be hurtful to him to be seen to be needy.

    Scholars say that if someone is asking for charity publicly, there is no need to worry about offending him by also giving publicly.

    Wednesday, May 18, 2011

    Information on Chartiy in Islam Religion - Part 5

    Information on Chartiy in Islam Religion - Part 5

    Hadith 50, 51: Ibn Maja narrates from Ibn Abbas and Ibn Abi Dunia from Anas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Benefits and blessings reach the house in which people are given food sooner than the knife can reach the hump of the camel.” (Sacrificing the camel, firstly its hump is cut.)

    Hadith 52: Asbahani narrates from Ummul Momineen Siddiqua (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Angels bless and greet you till the table is laid for one of you.”

    Hadith 53: Abu Shaikh narrates from Abu Darda (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “The guest comes taking his livelihood and leaves taking the sin of the host and removing his sin.”

    Hadith 54: Abu Shaikh in ‘Sawab’ narrates from Sayyidina Imam Hasan Mujtaba (Radi Ailahu Anh) and this is as clear as the next Hadith and this is dependent upon Imam Hasan i.e. this is a Mauqoof Hadith i.e. it is his saying (If the evidence for an Hadith goes back to a Companion of the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam), this is known as a Mauqoof Hadith). This Hadith says: “I prefer to feed one mouthful to my religious brother rather than give the poor one rupee and giving to my religious brother is dearer to me than giving a poor man one hundred rupees in charity.”

    Hadith 55: This Hadith is also dependant upon Sayyidina Imam Hasan (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) i.e. this is a Mauqoof Hadith also and is narrated by Sayyidina Amirul Momineen Maula Ali Murtuza (Karram Allahu Ta’ala Wajuhuma): “To gather a few religious brothers of mine for a feast of three seers or six seers* of food is more loving to me than to free a slave just bought from the market.”

    Hadith 56: Abu Dawood, Ibn Maja and Hibban narrate from Wahshi bin Harb (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh): ‘The Companions of the Holy Prophet (Sail Aliahu Alaihi wa Sallam) told the Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) that they ate but were not satisfied.” Upon this the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) asked whether they ate separately or together? They replied, separately. Then the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: “Eat together and invoke the Name of Allah, that will bring good fortune from Allah for you.”

    Hadith 57: Ibn Maja and Askari in ‘Mawaiz’ narrate from Amirul Momineen Umar (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Saliam) says: “Eat together and do not be separated because the Blessing of Allah is with a group.”

    Hadith 58: Tabrani in ‘Kabeer’ and Baihaqi in ‘Shoab’ narrate from Salman (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet says: “Blessing lies in three things: i.e. in the gathering of the Muslims, eating Sareed (a kind of food) and eating Sahri (Meals before dawn during the fasting month).”

    Hadith 59: Bazzar narrates from Samra (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “The diet of one person is enough for two persons and the diet of two persons is enough for four persons and the Hand of Allah (Allah’s protection) is on the group.”

    Hadith 60: Abu Yala, Tabrani and Abu Shaikh narrate from Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall* A seer is a measure of grain Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Undoubtedly food eaten together is dearer to Allah.”

    Read Other Post on Charity:

    Information on Islamic Charity - Part 4

    Information on Islamic Charity - Part 4

    Hadith 31 to 33: This is narrated in ‘Ausat’ from Amirul Momineen Umar (Radi Allahu Anh) and likewise (with some difference in the words) Abu Shaikh in ‘Sawab’ and Asbahani in a Hadith narrate this from Ibn Abdullah, and Ibn Abi Dunia narrates this from a few Companions of the Holy Prophet (Sail Ailahu Alaihi wa Sallam) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “The most excellent deed is to gladden the heart of the Muslim and that means either to clothe his body or fill his stomach in hunger or do something for him.”

    Hadith 34: Aqeeli, Bazzar and Tabrani in ‘Kabeer’ narrate from Abu Darda (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “If any Muslim desires to eat and drink anything or any favourite Halal dish or drink and by chance another person provides that for him, then Allah will forgive him.”

    Hadith 35: Bahaiqi narrates from Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) in ‘Shoaibul Iman’ that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Allah Ta’ala will forbid Hell for him who feeds his Muslim brother his favourite dish.”

    Hadith 36: Hakim and Baihaqi and Abu Shaikh in ‘Sawab’ narrate from Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “To feed a poor Muslim is certain to bring you the Generosity of Allah.”

    Hadith 37 to 46: This is a part of a glorious, nice, beautiful, famous, beneficent, useful and bountiful Hadith. Imams Abu Hanifa, Imam Ahmad and Abdul Razzaq narrate in ‘Musannaf’ and Tirmizi and Tabrani narrate it from Ibn Abbas Ahmad, Tirmizi, and Tabrani and Ibn Mardwaih narrate it from Ma’az bin Jabal. Ibn Khuzaima, Darmi, Baghvi, Ibn Sakn, Abu Naim, Ibn Basta narrate it from Abdul Rahman bin Ayisha. Ahmad and Tabrani narrate it from many Companions of the Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and Bazzar narrates it from Ibn Umar and Sauban.

    Tabrani narrates it from Abu Imamah. lbn Qane narrates it from Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah. Darqutni, Abu Bakar Nesapuri in ‘Ziyadat’ narrate it from Anas Abul Farah in ‘Alal’ from Abu Hurairah. Ibn Abi Shaiba narrates it from Abdul Rahman bin Sabit (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhum) in an Hadith connected to the Prophet’s Miraj Journey to Allah Ta’ ala that He put His palms between the shoulders of the Prophet as is worthy of His glory and the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said that everything had become manifest to him and he now knew it.

    Another narration is that he knew everything which exists between the East and the West. (Imam Ahmad Raza said that he mentioned this Hadith with the details of its testimonial and with the variation of the words and further will describe this in his book in “Salt an atul Mustafa Fi Maikoote Kullil Wara”). And all Praise be to Allah for those graces which He has imparted to us, so that the Holy Prophet (Sail Aliahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Spreading the Salam, feeding human beings and praying in the night while people remain sleeping, are acts which raise your rank in the Hereafter.”

    This is narrated in ‘Mirqat Sharif’: “To feed people high or low, raises your rank in the Hereafter.”

    Hadith 47: Hakim narrates from Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Ailahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “To feed people, to say the Salam and to pray in the night when people remain sleeping are what makes sin disappear.”

    Hadith 48: Tabrani in ‘Kabeer’, Abu Shaikh in ‘Sawab’ and Hakim in ‘Sahih’ Baihaqi narrate from Ibn Umar (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “He who will feed his Muslim brother to fill his stomach and quench his thirst, will be kept seven ditches away from Hell by Allah Ta’ala. There is a distance of five hundred years Journey from one ditch to another.”

    Hadith 49: Abu Shaikh narrates from Imam Hasan Basri that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Allah along with His Angels is proud of those slaves (See! This is the Excellence) who feed the people.”

    Read Other Post on Charity:

    Hadees On Charity in Islam - Part 3

    Hadees On Charity in Islam - Part 3

    Hadith 21, 22: Abdullah bin Imam in ‘Zawaidul Musnad’, and Bazaar and Hakim in ‘Mustadrick’ narrate from Amirul Momineen Ali (Karam Allahu Ta’ala Wajhahu) and likewise Hakim narrates from Aqba bin Aamir (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “One who wishes to live long and to increase his livelihood and to prevent a bad death, should fear Allah, strengthen relationships and treat relatives well.”

    Hadith 23: Tabrani narrates from Amro bin Sahal (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Good behaviour to near relatives is the increaser of wealth, love and life.”

    Hadith 24: Qazai narrates from Ibn Masood (Radi Allahu one to you.”

    Hadith 25: Tabrani narrates from Abu Bakr (Radi Aliahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Undoubtedly kindness to relations causes immediate reward; even if the members of the family are sinful still their wealth is increased and they are increased in numbers due to kindness to each other.”

    This is more in another Hadith: “Any family that is not one in which members are kind towards one another becomes poor.”

    Hadith 26: Imam Ahrnad and Baihaqi in ‘Sahib Al Iman” narrate from Ummul Momineen Ayisha Siddiqa (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Kindness towards relations, good manners and good behaviour to neighbours increase the population of towns and cause lives to be long.”

    Hadith 27: Hakim narrates in ‘Mustadrick’ from Anas (Radi Allahu Ta’ ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Acts of good behaviour safeguard you from evil deaths, calamities and destruction and those who are kind in this World will be the ones who do well in the Hereafter.”

    Hadith 28: Tabrani narrates in ‘Ausat’ from Ummul Momineen Umm Salma (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Generous deeds are a safeguard from calamities and hidden aims puts out the fire of Allah’s anger, and good behaviour to relatives brings Allah’s Blessing to life and all good behaviour of any kind, to anyone, is nothing but Charity. Kind persons in this World will get Allah’s favour in the Hereafter in the same way as they have helped people in this World and the opposite will be the condition of the evil people of this World in the Hereafter. First before all others, well behaved persons will go to Paradise.”

    Hadith 29: Tabrani in ‘Kabeer’ and ‘Waseet’ narrates from Hazrat Sayyidina Imam Hasan bin Ali (Radi Allahu Anhuma) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Undoubtedly to gladden the heart of the Muslim brother is one of the acts which truly brings your salvation.”

    Hadith 30: Tabrani in ‘Kabeer’ and ‘Waseet’ narrates from lbn Abbas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Next to the compulsory duties, dearer to Allah than all other acts is to gladden the heart of the Muslim.”

    Read Other Post on Charity:

    Hadees On Charity in Islam  - Part2

    Hadees On Charity in Islam - Part2

    Hadith 11: Dailmi reports from Anas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity given in the morning prevents calamities.”

    Hadith 12: Ibn Asakar reports from Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sail Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Charity puts off ill luck.”

    Hadith 13: Ibn Asakar narrates from Jabir (Radi Ailahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Correct your relation with Allah Ta’ala by remembering Him much and by openly and secretly giving much charity. If you do this, you will be given livelihoodand helped to put right wrongs done to you “

    Hadith 14 to 17: Tirmizi narrates from Ma’az bin jabal and like wise (but with some difference in the words) Ibn Hibban narrates from Kabben Aira And Ibi Yala narrates from Jabir (Radi Ailahu Ta’ala Anh) and Ibn Mubarak narrates from Akrama that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu
    Alaihi wa Sallam) says “Charity puts out sin as water does the fire”.

    Hadith 18: Baihaqi in ‘Shaibul Imam’ and Abu Naim in ‘Hilya’narrates from Abu saeed Khudri (Radi Ailahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “The saying about the Muslim and Iman is that they’re like a horse tied by a rope in the meadow so that after grazing on all the sides it comes back to where it’s tied; likewise a Muslim makes mistakes and then returns to Iman. So feed pious persons and behave well to the Muslims.” It is clear from this Hadith that to cure sin, one should feed pious persons and treat the Muslims well.

    Hadith 19: Abu Yala narrates from Anas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “Undoubtedly Allah makes us live long due to Charity and Kindness, and prevents a bad death and prevents you from being fearful or disliked.”

    Hadith 20: Bukhari narrates from Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anh) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allahu Alaihi wa Sallam) says: “He who desires the best livelihood, and good luck in wealth, should treat his relatives well.”

    Read Other Post on Charity:

    Wednesday, September 9, 2009

    SIN OF ONE WHO DOES NOT PAY ZAKAT

    SIN OF ONE WHO DOES NOT PAY ZAKAT

    Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (way peace be upon him) as saying: If any owner of gold or silver does not pay what is due on him, when the Day of Resurrection would come, plates of fire would be beaten out for him; these would then be heated in the fire of Hell and his sides, his forehead and his back would be cauterized with them. Whenever these cool down, (the process is) repeated during a day the extent of which would be fifty thousand years, until judgment is pronounced among servants, and he sees whether his path is to take him to Paradise or to Hell.

    It was said: Messenger of Allah, what about the camel?

    He (the Holy Prophet) said: If any owner of the camel does not pay what is due on him, and of his due in that (camel) is (also) to milk it on the day when it comes down to water. When the Day of Resurrection comes a soft sandy plain would be set for him, as extensive as possible, (he will find) that not a single young one is missing, and they will trample him with their hoofs and bite him with their mouths. As often as the first of them passes him, the last of them would be made to return during a day the extent of which would be fifty thousand years, until judgment is pronounced among servants and he sees whether his path is to take him to Paradise or to Hell.

    It was (again) said: Messenger of Allah, what about cows (cattle) and sheep?

    He said: It any owner of the cattle and sheep does not pay what is due on them, when the Day of Resurrection comes a soft sandy plain would be spread for them, he will find none of them missing, with twisted horns, without horns or with a broken horn, and they will gore him with their horns and trample him with their hoofs. As often as the first of them passes him the last of them would be made to return to him during a day the extent of which would be fifty thousand years, until judgment would be pronounced among the servants. And he would be shown his path-path leading him to Paradise or to Hell.

    It was said: Messenger of Allah, what about the horse?

    Upon this he said: The horses are of three types. To one than (these are) a burden, and to another man (these are) a covering, and still to another man (these are) a source of reward. The one for whom these are a burden is the person who rears them in order to show off, for vainglory and for opposing the Muslims; so they are a burden for him. The one for whom these are a covering is the person who rears them for the sake of Allah but does not forget the right of Allah concerning their backs and their necks, and so they are a covering for him. As for those which bring reward (these refer to) the person who rears them for the sake of Allah to be used for Muslims and he puts them in meadow and field. And whatever thing do these eat from that meadow and field would be recorded on his behalf as good deeds, as would also the amount of their dung and urine. And these would not break their halter and prance a course or two without having got recorded the amount of their hoof marks and their dung as a good deed on his behalf (on behalf of their owner). And their master does not bring them past a river from which they drink, though he did not intend to quench their thirst, but Allah would record for him the amount of what they drink on his behalf as deeds.

    It was said: Messenger of Allah, what about the asses?

    Upon this he said: Nothing has been revealed to me in regard to the asses (in particular) except this one verse of a comprehensive nature:" He who does an atom's weight of good will see it, and he who does an atom's weight of evil will see it"

    Thursday, September 3, 2009

    Zakat / Charity Information in Islam for Ramadan

    Zakat / Charity Information in Islam for Ramadan

    The acts of charity and benevolence toward the less fortunate, for the sake of Allah, are highly desired on all occasions, but more so during the blessed month of Ramadan.

    In the book of Al-Bukhari, Ibn 'Abbas (raa) related:

    “The Messenger of Allah (saas) is the most benevolent(good) among the people. His benevolence increases markedly during the month of Ramadan when the angel Jibreel meets him every night of Ramadan, to rehearse with him the Holy Qur'an. The Messenger of Allah (saas) was more charitable with his good possessions than the mov­ing winds that bring torrential rain.”

    As you may be aware, there are two kinds of charitable acts. There is regular, voluntary charity, (sadaqah), that can be given any time, from inviting others to meals, at iftar time dur­ing Ramadan, to outright gifts to an individual or a charitable organization.

    On the other hand, there is an obligation of Za­kaat (obligatory charity), which is the annual return of 2.5 per­cent that is levied against one's savings or assets that have ma­tured in the last twelve months. All give their Zakaat to its rightful owners during Ramadan so as to offer these two obligations of Islam at the same time.

    Islamic / Muslim Festivals and Holiday 2019

    Islamic Events and Holiday 2019

    English Date Islamic Date
    We have listed the important Islamic Festivals, Holidays and Events for the year 2019 as per the calender year 2019. These muslim religious holiday can vary as per the sighting of moon and the lunar calendar.
    #Urs Khawjah Gharib Nawaz, Ajmer Sharif 14 March, 2019 - Thursday 6th Rajab 1440
    #Lailat-ul-Meraj #Shab-e-meraj Night of Apr 3, 2019 - Wednesday 26-Rajab-1440
    #Shabe-e-Barat April 20, 2019 - Saturday 14th Sha'baan 1440
    #Start of Fasting Month (#Ramadan) May 7, 2019 - Tuesday 1st Ramadan 1440
    #Jummat-ul-Wida 31 May 2019 - Friday Last Friday of Ramadan 1440
    #Lailat-ul-Qadr (#Shab-E-Qadr) June 1, 2019 - Saturday 27 Ramadan 1440
    #Eid-ul-Fitr June 5, 2019 - Saturday 1st Shawwal 1440
    #Hajj August 11, 2019 - Sunday 9th Dhul-Hijjah 1440
    #Eid-ul-Adaha #Bakrid August 12, 2019 - Wednesday 10th Dhul-Hijjah 1440
    #Islamic New Year September 1, 2019 - Sunday 1st Muharram 1441
    #Yaum al-Ashura September 10, 2019 - Tuesday 10th Muharram 1441
    #Eid Milad-un-Nabi Nov 10, 2019 - Sunday 12th Rabi-al-Awwal 1441
    #Urs Haji Ali Baba Mumbai 13 December, 2019 - Friday 16 Rabi Ul Akhir 1441
    714th Urs Sharif Of Hazrat Khwaaja Syed Nizamuddin Aulia Mehboob-e-elahi Rahmatullah Alayh 16 December, 2019 - Monday 19 Rabi Ul Akhir 1441