Showing posts with label learn about ramadan. Show all posts
Showing posts with label learn about ramadan. Show all posts

Monday, June 29, 2015

What Is Ramadan and How and Why do a Muslim Fast ?

What Is Ramadan and How and Why do a Muslim Fast ?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Every day of this month, Muslims fast on the day from sun rise to sun set. In the night Muslims gather together to offer Namaz or Prayers in Masjid . These night prayers are called Taraveeh

“Islam is built on five (pillars), testimony that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, and testimony that Muhammad is His messenger, establishing Salat, giving Zakaat, observing the fast of Ramadan, and pil­grimage to the House of Allah.” (Bukhari/Muslim)

The hadith established fasting during the month of Ramadan as one of the pillars on which this religion is built. This hadith re­inforces the obligation of fasting as stated in Al-Qur'an. We will see later that there are other Hadiths that explain in detail how to observe the 'Ebadah, the worship of fasting.

“Ramadan is the month in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to humanity and as a clear 18 sign for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So anyone of you who witnesses the month should spend it in fasting...” (Al-Qur'an, 2:185)

This verse contains important rules and reasons for fasting that will be explained later. However, what concerns us here is the statement,

“So anyone of you who witnesses the month should spend it in fasting.”


Fasting is one of the best acts of worship. It is mandated by Al­lah (SWT) to purify the soul along with the practice of good deeds. Thus the faster ought to be aware of acts or behaviors that may spoil his fast so that he or she will attain the highest benefit physically and spiritually.

Fasting is not only restraining oneself from fast-breakers ­food, drink and sex -that restrain only the mouth and the pri­vate parts. Every limb (jawarih) must be restrained. The tongue must desist from slander and back-biting. The eyes must re­strain themselves from any unlawful look. The hand must not touch or take what does not belong to it. The ears must not lis­ten to idle talk, gossip, lyrics and notes that contain obscene and indecent things; the nose must fast also by not sniffing, smelling unlawful things. The feet must fast by not going to places where sinful acts are propagated.

When you eat sahuur and iftar, make sure the food on the table has been obtained lawfully. If the servant has observed the fast in these terms and acted accordingly, he or she will have

gained positively by Ramadan and will receive the maximum reward. Hence, fasting is a state of mind that transcends the physical restraint.

In a hadith by Abu Hurairah, the Messenger of Allah (saas) said:

“It is not fasting, just to restrain from food and drink, instead the fast is to cease from idle talk, ob­scenity, and should anyone insult or provoke you, or act ignorantly towards you, respond to it by saying, ‘I am fasting, I am indeed fasting.’ ” (Ibn Khuzaimah)

The fast is intended to bring the faithful closer to God and to remind them of the suffering of those less fortunate. Muslims often donate to charities during the month and feed the hungry.

Fasting is an exercise in self-restraint. It's seen as a way to physically and spiritually detoxify by kicking impulses like morning coffee, smoking and midday snacking.

Ramadan is a time to detach from worldly pleasures and focus on one's prayers. Many Muslims dress more conservatively during Ramadan and spend more time at the mosque than at any other time of the year.

Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, along with the Muslim declaration of faith, daily prayer, charity, and performing the hajj pilgrimage in Mecca.


Observant Muslims abstain from eating and drinking from dawn to dusk for the entire month of Ramadan, with a single sip of water or a puff of a cigarette considered enough to invalidate the fast.

Muslim scholars say it's not enough to just avoid food and drinks during the day, though. Spouses must abstain from sexual intercourse during the day, and Muslims should not engage in road rage, cursing, fighting or gossiping.

Muslims are also encouraged to observe the five daily prayers on time and to use their downtime just before breaking their fast at sunset to recite Quran and intensify remembrance of God.

To prepare for the fast, Muslims eat what is commonly called "suhoor," a pre-dawn meal of power foods to get them through the day.


Muslims traditionally break their fast like the Prophet Muhammad did some 1,400 years ago, with a sip of water and some dates at sunset. That first sip of water is by far the most anticipated moment of the day.

After a sunset prayer, a large feast known as "iftar" is shared with family and friends. Iftar is a social event as much as it is a gastronomical adventure. Across the Arab world, juices made from apricots are a staple at Ramadan iftars. In South Asia and Turkey, yogurt-based drinks are popular.

Across the Muslim world, mosques and aid organizations set up tents and tables for the public to eat free iftar meals every night of Ramadan.

Typically, the start of the month is welcomed with greetings such as "Ramadan mubarak!" (AP Photo)


Yes. There are exceptions for children, the elderly, the sick, women who are pregnant or menstruating and people traveling, which could include athletes during tournaments.

Many Muslims, particularly those who live in the U.S. and Europe, are accepting and welcoming of others around them who are not observing Ramadan. They also are not expecting shorter work hours, as is the case in the public sector across much of the Arab world during Ramadan.

However, non-Muslims or adult Muslims who eat in public during the day can be fined or even jailed in some Middle Eastern countries, such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, home to large Western expat populations in Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Meanwhile, minority Chinese Uighur Muslims complain of heavy restrictions by the Communist Party, such as bans on fasting by party members, civil servants, teachers and students during Ramadan, as well as generally enforced bans on children attending mosques, women wearing veils and young men growing beards.


Typically, the start of the month is welcomed with greetings such as "Ramadan mubarak!" Another hallmark of Ramadan is nightly prayer at the mosque among Sunni Muslims called "taraweeh."

In Egypt, a common sight during Ramadan is a lantern called the "fanoos," which is often the centerpiece at an iftar table and can be seen hanging in window shops and balconies.

In the Arabian Gulf countries, wealthy sheikhs hold "majlises" where they open their doors for people to pass by all hours of the night for food, tea, coffee and conversation.

Increasingly common are Ramadan tents in five-star hotels that offer lavish and pricey meals from sunset to sunrise. While Ramadan is a boon for retailers in the Middle East and South Asia, critics say the holy month is increasingly becoming commercialized.

Scholars are also disturbed by the proliferation of evening television shows during Ramadan. In Pakistan, live game shows give away gifts promoting their sponsors. In the Arab world, monthlong soap operas starring Egypt's top actors rake in millions of dollars in advertising.


The end of Ramadan is marked by intense worship as Muslims seek to have their prayers answered during "Laylat al-Qadr" or "the Night of Destiny." It is on this night, which falls during the last 10 nights of Ramadan, that Muslims believe that God sent the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad and revealed the first versus of the Quran.

Some devout Muslims go into reclusion those final days, spending all of their time in the mosque.

The end of Ramadan is celebrated by a three-day holiday called Eid al-Fitr. Children often receive new clothes, gifts and cash.

Muslims attend early morning Eid prayers the day after Ramadan. Families usually spend the day at parks and eating — now during the day.

Monday, June 22, 2015

Ramadan is (like) a furnace which polishes and purifies sinners

Ramadan is (like) a furnace which polishes and purifies sinners

(These Madani pearls have been taken from Tafsir-e-Na’imi, Volume 2)

1. The blessed Ka’bah calls the Muslims towards it and distributes its bounties but this month comes to us and distributes blessings. It is as if the Ka’bah is a well and Ramadan is a river or the former is a river and the latter is rain.

2. In every month there are specific dates and timings for worship.For example, Hajj is performed in some particular days of Eid-ul-Adha.. Similarly, the 10th date of Muharram is the greatest in the whole month; but in Ramadan, specific worships are carried out in every moment of every day. Fasting, doing Iftar, waiting for Tarawi Salah, offering Tarawi Salah, sleeping or resting so that one can get up for Sehri and eating Sehri are all worships. In other words, every moment manifests the glory of Allah.

3. Ramadan is (like) a furnace. As a furnace polishes dirty iron and shapes the polished iron into a device that can be fitted into a machine and as a furnace shapes gold into jewellery and makes it fit to wear, similarly, Ramadan purifies sinners and elevates the ranks of virtuous people.

4. In Ramadan, the reward of a Nafl deed is equivalent to a Farz one and the reward of FarE deed is increased seventy times.

5. Some scholars say that if someone dies in the month of Ramadan, he will not be questioned in his grave.

6. Laila-tul-Qadr is also in this blessed month. The verse mentioned earlier says that the Holy Quran was revealed in Ramadan and in another verse Allah says:

Undoubtedly, We sent it down in Laila-tul-Qadr (the blessed and valuable night). (Kanz-ul-Iman [Translation of Quran])

It becomes clear by the combination of both the verses that Lailatul-Qadr is in Ramadan and it is most probably the 27th night, because there are nine letters in the Arabic words Lailatul-Qadr and these words appear three times in this Surah (ninemultiplied by three is twenty seven) therefore it may well be the27th night.

7. In Ramadan, Satan is held in captivity and the gates of Hell areclosed. Heaven is adorned and its gates are opened. This is why fewer sins are committed and more virtuous acts are carried out in these days. Even those who commit sins in this month, do so due to their Nafs or the evil temptations from their accompanying devils.

8. There will be no accountability of what is eaten or drunk in Ramadan.

9. On the Day of Judgement, Ramadan and the Holy Quran will intercede for the fasting person. Ramadan will say, ‘Ya Allah, I prevented him from eating and drinking during the day’
and the Holy Quran will say, ‘Ya Allah ! I prevented him from sleeping at night by making him recite me and offer his Tarawi Salah.’

10. In Ramadan, the Prophet of Rahmah, the Intercessor of Ummah, the Owner of Jannah Salla Allahu 'alayhi wa Sallam (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would free every slave and give charity in abundance. In Ramadan, Allah also frees people from the fire of Hell. Therefore, we should strive to perform virtuous deeds and avoid sins in Ramadan.

11. Ramadan is the only month whose excellence is mentioned in the Holy Quran by name. No other month is mentioned in the Quran by name, nor such virtues of any other month were described. Sayyidatuna Maryam (may Allaah be pleased with him) is the only woman whose name is mentioned in the Quran, and Sayyiduna Zaid ibn Garišah (may Allaah be pleased with him) is the only companion whose name is mentioned in the Quran. This proves the greatness of the three.

12. In Ramadan, prayers are answered at the time of IfIar and Sehri.This privilege has not been given to any other month.

13. There are five (Arabic) letters in the word 'RAMADHAN' - Raa is the pleasure (Raza) of Allah Ta'ala ; Meem is the Forgivness (Maghfirat) of Allah Ta'ala ;Duaad is the the security (Zamaanat) of Allah Ta'ala ; Alif is the love (Ulfat) of Allah Ta'ala ; And Noon is the Beneficience ir Bounty (Nawaal) of Allah Ta'ala.

There are five special worships in Ramadan. Fasting, Tarawi, recitation of the Holy Quran, I’tikaf, and worshipping at Lailatul - Qadr. So anyone who sincerely performs these five forms of worship will deserve the aforementioned five favours. (Tafsir-e-Na’imi, pp. 208, vol. 2)

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Sixty Thousand Sinners Forgiven Every Night in Ramadan

Sixty Thousand Sinners Forgiven Every Night in Ramadan

Sayyiduna Abdullah Ibn Masud (Radi Allahu Anhu) has narrated that the Beloved and Blessed Prophet (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) has stated,

"At every night of Ramadan, an announcement is made in the skies till dawn, ‘O seeker of goodness! Complete (i.e. keep worshipping Allah) and rejoice, and O evil one! Give up your evil and take some lesson. Is there any seeker of forgiveness, his desire will be fulfilled? Is there anyone repenting, his repentance will be accepted? Is there anyone making Dua, his Dua will be accepted? Is there anyone who seeks anything, he will be bestowed what he wishes for?’ Each evening of Ramadan at the time of sunset, Allah Almighty frees sixty thousand sinners from Hell, and on the day of Eid, He forgives as many people as the total number of those who were freed throughout the month."

[Bayhaqi, Shu'ab al-Iman, Vol. 5, Page 221, Hadith 3334]

Message from :
Muhammad Afthab Cassim Qaadiri Razvi Noori
Imam Mustafa Raza Research Centre, Durban, South Africa

Allah's Name (we) begin with, The Compassionate Most Merciful

As Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaika Ya Rasool'Allah
صلٰى الله عليه و سلم

Tomorrow here in Durban, South Africa marks the 29th Day of Sha'baan. In sha Allah if the moon of Ramadaan is sighted and the proper Shahaadat (testimony) is received as per the stipulations of Shariah, we will commence Ramadaan on Thursday, if not we will complete the counting of 30, as per the Hadith of Rasoolullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallam and the injunction of Shariah. We should attempt to follow the strict rule of Shariah in this, just as we are commanded to do so in all other issues of our Ibaadat. We should abstain from following the ways that have been implemented contrary to the Shariah, and especially from pre-set dates for Ramadaan. Allah bless us all with following the Shariah and protect us from following our desire. Aameen

It is in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Umar Radi Allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Do not commence fasting unless you have seen the new moon, and do not make Iftaar (i.e. Do not end your fasts and make Eid) unless you have seen the new moon, and if it is cloudy, then complete the counting.’

It is also reported in Sahihain from Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu anhu that Rasoolullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Commence fasting by sighting the moon and end fasting by sighting the moon, and if it is cloudy, then complete the counting of 30 for Sha’baan.’

Important Law:  On the evening of the 29th of Sha’baan, one should look for the moon (of Ramadaan).  If it is seen, then one should keep fast on the following day, otherwise one should complete 30 days of Sha’baan and then commence the month of Ramadaan.  [Alamgiri]

Please go out in your numbers and make a sincere and dedicated effort to sight the moon. Hold firmly to this Sunnah of the Beloved Rasool Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallam. It is mentioned in the Hadith that, one who holds firmly to a  Sunnah of Rasoolullah Sall Allahu alaihi wa Sallam in times of strife, will receive the reward of 100 Shaheeds (Martyrs).

Sag e Mufti e Azam

Thursday, June 4, 2015

Kaffara (Penalty) for not fasting Ramadan

Kaffara (Penalty) for not fasting Ramadan

Kaffara (Penalty) for not fasting Ramadan

Q: How much is the Kaffara (Penalty) for not fasting in Ramadan?

A: It is a great sin to eat or drink during the days of Holy Ramadan, or deliberately commit acts which break the fast without a justifiable reason. Anyone who leaves out a fast purposely have to give Qaza as well as Kaffara. 

The Kaffara for each fast is either:

(1) To free a slave. Or
(2) To fast for 60 days. Or
(3) To feed 60 poor.

If you choose to fast for 2 months (60 days) as Kaffara, you will have to fast for 31 days together and thereafter, you can complete the balance of 29 days in your own time. However, you will not begin fasting your 31 days when you know there will be a day in between when it is Haraam to fast; e.g.

You will not begin fasting your Kaffara at the beginning of Zilhajj as on the 10th of Zilhajj [Eid-ul- Hajj] it is Haraam to fast.

If however, you choose to feed 60 poor, you have to give away food or grain which would be enough for a full meal. This can be in the form of wheat, barley or loaves. If a person breaks his fast by a Haraam acts like:

(1) Drinking Alcohol, etc. Or

(2) Attributing lies to Allah, His Prophets and the Imams. Then he or she will have to give ALL the three above said Kaffara together.

Also Read

Do's and Dont's during fasting in the holy month of Ramadan

Do's and Dont's during fasting in the holy month of Ramadan

The things, which are forbidden during fasting can be divided into three (3) groups as follows:

(A) Related to Head and Mouth:

01. Eating
02. Drinking
03. Intentionally letting the thick dust or smoke enter the throat
04. Vomiting intentionally (even if it is for a medical purpose)
05. Submerging the head completely into the water

(B) Related to Private Parts:

06. Sexual intercourse
07. Doing anything that would cause discharge of semen
08. Using liquid enema
09. Intentionally remaining in state of Janabat [It is a state of ritual impurity (Najasat) caused by sexual intercourse or discharge of semen. “Junub” means the person on whom Ghusl-e-Janabat is Wajib] till the time of fajr.

A person becomes Junub and goes to sleep:
(a) With intention of not doing Ghusl before dawn = Fast is Batil (Null/Void)
(b) With intention of doing Ghusl before dawn:
i. But did not wake up before dawn = Fast is valid
ii. Woke up once and went back to sleep till fajr = Fast + do Qaza
(Make up the fast during other days after Ramadan)
iii. Woke up twice and went back to sleep till fajr = Fast + do Qaza + it is recommended to pay Kaffara (Penalty)
Similarly, intentionally remaining in state of Hayz (period) for a woman whose bleeding
has stopped and has enough time to do Ghusl or, at least, Tayammum before fajr.

(C) Moral or Ethical:

10. Kizb (lying) of the highest type - falsely attributing a statement to Allah, the Prophets, and
the Imams - makes the fast Batil (Null/Void)

Note: If a person does any of the Muftirat intentionally, then the fast will become Batil. However,
doing any of these unintentionally does not harm the validity of fasting.

Islamic / Muslim Festivals and Holiday 2019

Islamic Events and Holiday 2019

English Date Islamic Date
We have listed the important Islamic Festivals, Holidays and Events for the year 2019 as per the calender year 2019. These muslim religious holiday can vary as per the sighting of moon and the lunar calendar.
#Urs Khawjah Gharib Nawaz, Ajmer Sharif 14 March, 2019 - Thursday 6th Rajab 1440
#Lailat-ul-Meraj #Shab-e-meraj Night of Apr 3, 2019 - Wednesday 26-Rajab-1440
#Shabe-e-Barat April 20, 2019 - Saturday 14th Sha'baan 1440
#Start of Fasting Month (#Ramadan) May 7, 2019 - Tuesday 1st Ramadan 1440
#Jummat-ul-Wida 31 May 2019 - Friday Last Friday of Ramadan 1440
#Lailat-ul-Qadr (#Shab-E-Qadr) June 1, 2019 - Saturday 27 Ramadan 1440
#Eid-ul-Fitr June 5, 2019 - Saturday 1st Shawwal 1440
#Hajj August 11, 2019 - Sunday 9th Dhul-Hijjah 1440
#Eid-ul-Adaha #Bakrid August 12, 2019 - Wednesday 10th Dhul-Hijjah 1440
#Islamic New Year September 1, 2019 - Sunday 1st Muharram 1441
#Yaum al-Ashura September 10, 2019 - Tuesday 10th Muharram 1441
#Eid Milad-un-Nabi Nov 10, 2019 - Sunday 12th Rabi-al-Awwal 1441
#Urs Haji Ali Baba Mumbai 13 December, 2019 - Friday 16 Rabi Ul Akhir 1441
714th Urs Sharif Of Hazrat Khwaaja Syed Nizamuddin Aulia Mehboob-e-elahi Rahmatullah Alayh 16 December, 2019 - Monday 19 Rabi Ul Akhir 1441